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Introduction To The NMEA 2000 Marine Networking Standard

Posted by Wilfried Voss on

Simulator control of the ship, marine vessel

NMEA 2000 is a marine networking standard created and administered by the National Marine Electronics Association (NMEA). The NMEA is an association of marine electronics manufacturers, dealers, and technicians.

The NMEA 2000 standard describes a low-cost, moderate capacity, bi-directional, multi-transmitter, multi-receiver instrument network. Typical data on a network using this standard include position latitude and longitude, GPS status, steering commands to autopilots, waypoint lists, wind sensor data, engine sensor data, depth sounder sensor data, and battery status data.

NMEA 2000 is the most consequent and straightforward adaptation of  SAE J1939. NMEA 2000 is a modernized version and replacement of an older standard, NMEA 0183. It has a sinificantly higher data rate (250k bits/second vs. 4.8k bits/second for NMEA 0183). It also uses a binary message format as opposed to the ASCII serial communications protocol used by NMEA 0183. Another distinction between the two protocols is that NMEA 2000 is a multiple-talker, multiple-listener data network, whereas NMEA 0183 is a single-talker, multiple-listener serial communications protocol.

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PICAN-M - NMEA 0183 & NMEA 2000 HAT For Raspberry Pi

PICAN-M - NMEA 0183 & NMEA 2000 HAT For Raspberry Pi

The PICAN-M (M = Marine) is a Raspberry Pi HAT with NMEA 0183 and NMEA 2000 connection. The NMEA 0183 (RS422) port is accessible via a 5-way screw terminal. The NMEA 2000 port is accessible via a Micro-C connector.

The board comes with a 3A SMPS (Switch Mode Power Supply), allowing to power the Raspberry Pi plus HAT from an onboard power source (12 VDC).

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